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1. Service Tax on Real Estate – Simplified


Service Tax in real estate is a complex subject and difficult to comprehend by a layman. After discussing this topic with tax experts and going through the information available in the public domain, I am jotting down my understanding of the subject. As I am not a tax expert, there are bound to be some issues in my understanding and I would like the readers to please pass on the feedback so as to make this a more comprehensive note.

Service tax on all under construction properties became effective on 1st July 2010. When the Service Tax on under construction property was first levied, many Real Estate Developers and Builders had appealed to the Courts against the applicability of Service Tax on Under Construction Property and the Court had also issued a Stay Order for the same. But, the Courts eventually decided in the favour of the Govt. as a result of which Service Tax on under Construction Property is now liable to be paid.

Service Tax on under Construction Property is levied on the Services provided by Builders where Building Complexes, Civil Structure or part thereof are offered for sale but the Payment is received before the Issuance of Completion Certificate by a Competent Authority.
Exemption from Payment of Service Tax on Construction

Exemption from Service Tax on Under Construction Property is available to services provided in the following cases:- 
  1. Construction of a Single Residential Unit*
  2. Construction of Low Cost Houses up to a carpet area of 60 sq. metres per house in a housing project approved by competent authority empowered under the “Scheme of Affordable Housing  in Partnership” framed by the Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation by the Govt. of India
*Please Note: Single Residential Unit has been defined as a self contained residential unit designed for use of a single family. If the house/complex has multiple floors/units and the title of each of the units/floors is capable of being transferred to another person by Mutation in land/municipal records, all the floors/units would be considered as separate single residential units and Service Tax on Construction would be levied on the same.
Computation of Service Tax on Under Construction Property

At the time of sale of property, the amount paid by the purchaser to the Builder is for:- a) Value of Land and b) Construction Service provided by the Builder/Developer

Service Tax can only be levied on Services and not on sale immovable property & therefore in the above case Service Tax won’t be levied on the Value of Land and would only be levied on the Construction Service provided by the Builder. This is as per the rates in force which currently is 12.36%. (incl. of Education Cess and SHEC)
There are 2 options with the builder to charge Service Tax

  • To charge service tax @12.36% on the amount charged from buyer on services, provided the value of cost of land and stamp duty paid for registration charges has been excluded.
  • To avail abatement of 75% from the gross amount* charged to the buyer for determine value of taxable services, provided  1) Cenvat credit on input is not taken and 2)Value of land is included in the amount charged from the service receiver.
In most of the cases the builder charges the service tax on the basis of option 2.

Abatement: Notification No. 26/2012 dated 20th June 2012 states the relevant abatement scheme, under which there is an abatement of 75% offered in the above mentioned service, details of which are as under:
S.No.
Description of taxable service
Percentage of Taxable portion
Conditions
12
Construction of a complex, building, civil structure or a part thereof, intended for sale to a buyer, wholly or partly except where entire consideration is received after issuance of completion certificate by the competent authority
25%
CENVAT credit on inputs used for providing the taxable service has not been taken under the provisions of the CENVAT Credit Rules, 2004.
The value of land is included in the amount charged from the service receiver.
A builder charges the following components for a under construction property: Basic Sales Price, referential Location Charges, EDC/IDC, IFMS/IBMS, Club Membership, Maintenance charges and other chg, Car Parking, Interest on Late Payment, One Time Power Backup Charges etc. The service charge applicable on different components is different. The same is illustrated below:

Head
Abatement %
Service Tax Applicable
Basic Sale Price
75%
25%*Service Tax Rate = 25%of 12.36% = 3.09%
Preferential Location Charges (PLC)
0%
12.36%
Club Membership/ Maintenance Charges
0%
12.36%
IFMS (Interest Free Maintenance Security) or IBMS ( Interest Bearing Maintenance Security)
N/A
NIL
Car Parking
75%
25%*Service Tax Rate = 25%of 12.36% = 3.09%
One Time Power Backup Charges
0%
12.36%
EDC/IDC
N/A
NIL , Provided Development charges , to the extent they are paid to state Government, or local bodies
Transfer Charges
0%
12.36%
To better illustrate the Service Tax I am listing down the pricing structure from one of the Builder Buyer Agreement of an under construction apartment in Gurgaon, India :
Particulars
Amount
Service Tax %
Service Tax Amount
Basic Sale Price
5,964,770
3.09%
184,311
One Covered Car Parking
400000
3.09%
12,360
IDC/EDC
453350
0
0
IFMS
129,500
0
0
Club Membership
100,000
12.36%
12360
Elec Charge @20000/KW
40,000
12.36%
4,944
Power Backup@20,000/KV
40,000
12.36%
4,944
PLC – Floor
259,000
12.36%
32,012
Total
7,386,520
250,931
The total Service Tax in this comes out to be approximately 3.39% of total apartment cost.
Cenvat Credit – A big benefit to Builders Post 1st July 2012

Earlier there was an absolute bar on availment of Cenvat credit. However, after 1st July 2012, Cenvat credit in respect of capital goods and input services (as defined under rule 2 of Cenvat Credit Rules, 2004) has been allowed. It is to be noted that Cenvat credit in respect of inputs shall not be allowed.
Capital goods                            
Cenvat credit available
Input services                                   
Cenvat credit available
Input goods                                      
Cenvat credit NOT available
A Builder is engaged in providing service of construction of flats. Mostly the builders sub-contract the work of construction to another contractor. In this case Builder is providing output service of works contract/construction of complex service and at the same time availing input service of works contract from contractor. Therefore, the Builder can take the Cenvat Credit on input service and utilize the same in paying its tax liability only for works contract service, maintenance or repair or construction of complex service. 

After 1st July 2012, the builders continue to charge service tax from customers however; they now avail CENVAT credit on capital goods and input services, thus depositing less service tax.
Example
A builder sells a residential flat for Rs. 5,000,000, including land value. After abatement of 75 % ,service tax on 25 % value @12.36% Rs 1,54,000/-charged by builder. As per notification 26/2012 given above, while depositing the collected service tax amount from the consumer, builder can claim cenvat credit on capital goods used and cenvat credit on services . 
Assuming that input capital goods used and input services received to construct the flat are worth Rs. 1,200,000/- Cenvat credit available to the developer @12.36% is Rs. 1,48,320. Therefore, the developer/builder will be required to pay only the balance amount of Rs. 6,180 towards service tax. After this amendment 26/2012, there is a direct benefit to builder/developer. This benefit will increase / decrease with increased used of capital inputs and Input services in construction activities. In few case nothing is payable by developers. 

Builder is a big gainer in this case and technically developer/builder should pass on this benefit to consumers. But this is not done!!!! There is also no data available in public domain suggesting the increase or decrease of the service tax collection over the years.

Budget 2013 – Reduced Abatement

The Budget 2013 brought in an amendment to the above provisions and reduced the abatement from 75% to 70% for flats above 2000 sq. feet or costing Rs. 1 Crore and above. In such cases, the Service Tax shall be charged on 30% of the amount (70% abatement). In other words, Service Tax in such cases shall be charged @ 3.71%. The above details on levy of service tax on property have been summarized in the table below:

COMPUTATION OF SERVICE TAX ON UNDER CONSTRUCTION PROPERTY
Particulars
Abatement
Allowed
Taxable
Component
Normal Rate of
Service Tax
Effective Rate of
Service Tax on Property
Flat size over 2000 sq ft
70%
30%
12.36%
3.71%
Sale price of Flat over Rs 1 Crore
70%
30%
12.36%
3.71%
In all other cases except specifically exempted (as mentioned above)
75%
25%
12.36%
3.09%
Summary:

  • Service Tax applicable from 1stJuly 2010; Abatement of 75% is available
  • Certain components of the pricing like PLC don’t classify for abatement
  • Builder / Developer were not entitled to Cenvat credit of input, input services and capital goods till 30.06.2012
  • Effective 01.07.2012, the Cenvat credit rules have been amended and service providers covered under works contract and builders services would be allowed to avail Cenvat credit on input services and capital goods. This is a big plus for the builders

2. Dwarka Expressway Clearance (Northern Periphery Road )

Hon’ble Developer, NPR region; Greetings.
We are pleased to bring another Good News in series related to ROB at NPR / Dwarka Expressway Region.
HUDA has given related project to M/s SP Singla & Company and Batching Plant has already been installed.
Further, the Tender of ROB is going to get published by Railways in the next around a week’s time.
Coming of Good News - one after another in series really proves that all problems at NPR / Dwarka Expressway Region are under control and will soon become History. We thank all our member developers especially Hon’ble VP of CREDAI National - Shri Sanjeev Srivastva for providing continuous support in ROB / RUB related things and hope to receive the same in future as well.
Warm regards
Secretariat, CREDAI NCR

On behalf of Secretariat CREDAI NCR (HR)

3. दिल्‍ली हाई कोर्ट ने दिल्‍ली-गुड़गांव टोल प्‍लाजा हटाने के आदेश दिए

दिल्‍ली हाई कोर्ट ने दो साल के लंबे विवाद के बाद दिल्‍ली-गुड़गांव एक्‍सप्रेसवे पर टोल प्‍लाजा को हटाने का आदेश दिया है. बुधवार को कोर्ट के आदेश के बाद अब एक से दो दिनों में अधिसूचना जारी होते ही टोल प्‍लाजा को हटा दिया जाएगा.
हालांकि कोर्ट के आदेश और मामले से सं‍बंधित पक्षों में समझौते के तहत कमर्शियल वाहनों से चुंगी वसूलना जारी रहेगा, लेकिन उसके अलग से लेन बनाई जाएगी ताकि आम लोगों को ट्रैफिक की समस्या से दो चार न होना पड़े.
गौरतलब है कि इस मामले में नेशनल हाईवे अथॉरिटी ऑफ इंडिया, दिल्ली गुड़गांव सुपर कनेक्टिविटी लिमिटेड, लीड फाइनेंसर आईडीएफसी के अलावा एमसीडी पार्टी थे. इन सभी के बीच समझौते के बाद कोर्ट ने फैसला सुनाया. सभी इस बात से सहमत थे कि टोल को हटा दिया जाए.
बहरहाल, विवाद के निपटने से अब एक्सप्रेसवे पर सिरहौल में टोल प्लाजा हट जाएगा. मामले में एमसीडी और एसएमएस इंफ्रास्‍ट्रक्‍चर लिमिटेड ने कोर्ट से हस्‍तक्षेप का आग्रह किया था. एमसीडी ने दिल्ली में एंट्री बैरियर पर इस कंपनी को तीन साल के लिए टोल वसूलने का काम दिया था. हाईकोर्ट ने 12 फरवरी को सभी पक्षों को समझौता करने का आखिरी मौका दिया था.






4. DWARKA EXPRESSWAY NEWS: एनपीआर : कब खत्म होगा इंतजार

द्वारका और दिल्ली- जयपुर एक्सप्रेस- वे को खेड़की दौला के पास जोड़ेगा  सिटी के अंदर वाहनों का प्रेशर काफी कम हो जाएगा, जाम भी नहीं लगेगा  अंक के लिए  131 करोड़ का है प्रोजेक्ट  18 किमी है कुल लंबाई  14 किमी में 95 प्रतिशत काम पूरा  4 किलोमीटर पर कोर्ट से स्टे, काम रुका  कोट  अविवादित हिस्से पर सड़क निर्माण कार्य पूरा हो चुका है। बाकी के हिस्से पर कोर्ट से कोई फैसला आने के बाद काम होगा। अब ड्रेन व वॉटर टैंक बनाने का कार्य चल रहा है। यह कार्य काफी तेजी से पूरा कराया जा रहा है। ताकि कोर्ट से फैसला आने के बाद बाकी के कार्य तुरंत पूरे किए जा सके।  बलराज, जेई, एनपीआर प्रोजेक्ट  इंट्रो  नॉर्दर्न पेरिफेरल रोड (एनपीआर) चालू होने में अभी वक्त लगेगा। रोड बनाने का काम बंद है, लेकिन दूसरे काम चल रहे हैं। इस रोड के निर्माण में हमेशा रोड़े अटकते रहे। इसी वजह से इसकी डेडलाइन लगातार बढ़ती रही। लोगों को इसके चालू होने का इंतजार है, लेकिन कुछ मामले कोर्ट में चल रहे हैं। रोड की अड़चनों और मौके की हालत बता रहे हैं सोनू यादव और अजय गौतम  ड्रेन निर्माण और वॉटर टैंक बनाने का कार्य तेजी से : 14 किमी के हिस्से में सड़क के किनारे ही ड्रेन बनाई जा रही है। बरसात के पानी की निकासी के लिए ड्रेन बन रही है। यहां वॉटर टैंक भी बनाया जा रहा है। सड़क पर जमा पानी सड़क किनारे बने वॉटर टैंक में गिरेगा। इससे टैंक में जमा पानी ड्रेन में जाएगा।  बन चुके हिस्से का प्रयोग करते हैं वाहन चालक : 14 किलोमीटर के हिस्से में भी कई जगह कलवर्ट बनने बाकी हैं। इसके बावजूद लोगों के लिए पहले की अपेक्षा सुविधा हो गई है। न्यू पालम विहार के लोग एनपीआर से होते हुए दौलताबाद गांव पार कर बसई पहुंच सकते हैं। यहां से आगे खेड़की दौला की ओर भी जाया जा सकता है। यह हिस्सा अभी बीच में अधूरा ही है। न्यू पालम विहार से आगे आने पर दौलताबाद तक दो स्थानों पर सड़क नहीं बनी है। दौलताबाद से आगे बसई की ओर जाते समय भी एक स्थान पर करीब 80 मीटर का हिस्सा बाकी है।

  
दिल्ली के नजफगढ़ से मानेसर जाने वालों को आसानी : दिल्ली के नजफगढ़ एरिया से मानेसर या जयपुर की ओरजाने वाले लोगों को काफी आसानी हो गई है। एनपीआर से होकर ये लोग गुजर सकते हैं।नजफगढ़ - छावला सेहोते हुए गुड़गांव में एंट्री कर ये लोग बजघेड़ा पहुंचते हैं।बजघेड़ा फाटक से पहले ही न्यू पालम विहार होते हुएये एनपीआर पर पहुंच सकते हैं।यहां से दौलताबाद गांव होते हुए बसई पहुंचा जा सकता है। बसई से करीब 4किलोमीटर की दूरी पर हीरो होंडा चौक है बसई से ही फर्रुखनगर या पटौदी की ओर भी जा सकते हैं।  रेलवे ओवर ब्रिज का टेंडर जारी : बसई रेलवे लाइन के ऊपर से एनपीआर का रेलवे ओवर ब्रिज बनना है।इसकेलिए 60 करोड़ का टेंडर हूडा ने जारी कर दिया है।ब्रिज बनाने के लिए कंपनी को 18 महीने का समय दिया गयाहै।  नई और सातवीं डेडलाइन 30 जून 2014 : एनपीआर की छठी डेडलाइन 31 दिसंबर 2013 पार होने के बादअब नई डेडलाइन तय की गई है।नई डेडलाइन 30 जून 2014 तय की गई है। यह एनपीआर प्रोजेक्ट की सातवींडेडलाइन होगी।हूडा चीफ ऐडमिनिस्ट्रेटर से इस नई डेडलाइन की स्पेशल अप्रूवल ली गई है।एनपीआर कीसाइड में 48 बिल्डरों को हाउसिंग व कमर्शल प्रोजेक्ट डिवेलप करने को लेकर लाइसेंस जारी हैं।प्रोजैक्ट में देरीके चलते अधिकतर बिल्डरों के प्रोजैक्ट अधर में लटके पड़े हैं।  

http://navbharattimes.indiatimes.com/delhi/gurgaon/%E2%80%94/articleshow/30355648.cms#gads - 


5. Haryana Court Stay Order to The 1400 acres Land from Sector 58 to 63, Gurgaon 



Court scraps acquisition of 1,400 acres in Gurgaon


Bhupinder Singh Hooda Bhupinder Singh Hooda
A year after the notification, Haryana government had released around 95% of the acquired land to private builders and even granted licences to some for developing housing projects on the land.

CHANDIGARH: The Punjab and Haryana high court on Friday quashed a 2009 Haryana government notification acquiring 1,400 acres of land in eight villages around Gurgaon for developing sectors 58 to 63, in a judgment that deals a big blow to the Bhupinder Singh Hooda government as well as the Millennium City's realty sector. 

A year after the notification, Haryana government had released around 95% of the acquired land to private builders and even granted licences to some for developing housing projects on the land. 


The sectors are adjacent to prime residential areas on Golf Course Road and were to be the bedrock of the next phase of Gurgaon's realty growth. The economic impact of the order is likely to be heavy as several builders had already made investments in the affected sectors. "Prices in the properties that were supposed to come up in this area could range between Rs 7,500 and Rs 12,500 per sq ft," said Avinash Piplani of Aarambh Property Hypermart. 

Villages whose lands were acquired are Nangli Umarpur, Tigra, Ulhawas, Kadarpur, Medawas, Badshahpur, Behrampur and Ghatta. 


Justice Surya Kant ordered quashing of the notification following petitions filed by some residents of Badshahpur, who argued that their prime lands were acquired at throwaway prices under Section 4 of the Land Acquisition Act — which has a 'public purpose' clause — and later handed over to private developers. 



Among builders who have large portions of land in the affected area are Ireo, Krrish Buildtech and Commander Realtors. Other developers in the area include M3M, Emaar MGF, Anant Raj and Nova. 



A senior official of Haryana's department of town and country planning said the order was a major setback for its plans to expand Gurgaon's urbanscape. "Our efforts of the last three years have gone waste," the official said, adding that DTCP was likely to initiate proceedings to return the land to villagers. 



When contacted, Hargurpreet Singh, AGM (sales) of Ireo, said, "We are not aware of any such ruling yet and will respond when we get the news." 



Since September 2009, Ireo has launched at least two residential projects in the affected sectors — The Grand Arch (Sector 58) and IreoSkyon (Sector 60). It's, however, not yet clear whether these projects are on land affected by Friday's ruling. 



Taking cognizance of the villagers' petition in July 2013, a division bench of the high court had issued notices to the Haryana government seeking its reply. While issuing that notice, the bench had observed that prima facie the facts of the case pointed to abuse of power by the state government in the acquisition and release of land. 



This is the second time in less than a month that land acquired by Haryana government has been set aside by the high court on grounds of arbitrariness in the state's land acquisition process. On December 19, 2013, the court had quashed the acquisition of around 850 acres in various villages of Rohtak, the home district of chief minister Bhupinder Singh Hooda. 



Villagers in the area welcomed the court order. "It has come as a big relief to my family and hundreds of other villagers in the area as the land was taken from us in a wrongful manner," said Ved Kala Sharma, who along with her son Devdutt had filed the petition. 



"I cannot express my happiness in words. I have a joint family and we had just two acres of land, but it was taken from us to benefit the developers" said Devdutt. He alleged that only 87 acres of the acquired land was yet to be released to private developers and demanded an inquiry into the case. 



Devdutt said he and many other villagers had not taken any compensation from the developers. 

Regards,
Manish Ranjan
+91-9711984904 / 09910597800
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